Liquid crystal gratings with twisted alignment produced by one-step polarizer-rotation exposure on photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystal films, T. Sasaki, M. Kuzuwata, K. Noda, N. Kawatsuki and H. Ono, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52 (2013) 042503.


Liquid crystal (LC) gratings with twisted alignment were fabricated by simple one-step polarizer-rotation exposure. An empty glass cell coated with photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystal (PCLC) films was exposed by UV light with modulation of intensity or polarization. LC grating cells were obtained by filling the resultant cells with a nematic LC and the LC alignment structures were well controlled by both the intensity and polarization of the UV light. The diffraction properties of the LC gratings were explained by considering the periodic director distribution in the cells, estimated based on the elastic continuum theory of nematic LCs and the photoalignment effects of the PCLC films.

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