Coupled-wave analysis of vector holograms: effects of modulation depth of anisotropic phase retardation, T. Sasaki, K. Miura, O. Hanaizumi, A. Emoto and H. Ono, Appl. Opt. 49 (2010) 5205-5211.


The diffraction properties of thick vector holograms were analyzed with the use of a simple coupled-wave theory. Two eigenpolarizations in the holograms were determined based on the dielectric perturbation, and diffraction efficiencies for the polarizations were calculated by applying the Kogelnik method. The results were compared with those simulated by the finite-difference time-domain method. As a result, it was demonstrated that the diffraction efficiencies calculated by the two methods are in good agreement for any incident polarization when the modulation depth of the anisotropic phase retardation is substantially smaller than the mean retardation. In addition, we confirmed that coupled-wave analysis provides reasonable accuracy for relatively large modulation in the case of Bragg incidence with eigenpolarization.

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